Mustafa Kemal Atatürk Timeline
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk was born in the early months of 1881 in Salonica(Selanik), Ottoman Empire (Thessaloniki in present-day Greece)
In 1911, he was assigned to the Ottoman Tripolitania Vilayet (present-day Libya) to fight in the (Italian) Italo-Ottoman Empire War.
1915 - World War I - Battle of Gallipoli
1919–1923 - Turkish War of Independence
June 1919 - Mustafa Kemal issues 'Declaration of Independence' at Amasya.
23 June 1919 - Mustafa Kemal was ordered by the Ottoman Government to return to Istanbul.
8 July 1919 - Mustafa Kemal resigns from the army and is dismissed by the Ottoman Government.
23 July - 7 August 1919 - Mustafa Kemal created the National Assembly in Erzurum and set the goals of it by saying, “I expressed clearly that the will of the Turkish Nation to be master of her own destiny could only spring from Anatolia, and, as a first step, I suggested the creation of the National Assembly founded on the will of the people, and the formation of a Government that derives its strength from this same will. ”
To learn more about the principles and decisions of the National Assembly click here
4 - 13 September 1919 - National Assembly meets at Sivas under the presidency of Mustafa Kemal.
9 February 1920 - Evacuation of French garrison from Maraş and start of the French general withdrawal from Cilicia.
16 March 1920 - Military occupation of Istanbul by Entente Powers (Britain, France, Russia, Greece, and Italy).
11 May 1920 - Mustafa Kemal was condemned to death by the Sultan's Government.
22 June - 9 July 1920 - Greek army advances into Anatolia and captures Bursa.
24 August 1920 - Draft treaty initialled in Moscow between the Soviet Union and the National Assembly.
28 September - 2 November 1920 - Nationalist forces invade and capture Kars.
3 December 1920 - Treaty of Gümrü (Alexandropol) settles Turkish-Armenian frontiers.
6 - 10 January 1921 - Greek advances checked before the First Battle of İnönü.
16 March 1921 - Treaty of Moscow between the National Assembly and the Soviet Union.
23 March - 1 April 1921 - Greeks resume attacks in Anatolia and are checked before the Second Battle of İnönü.
10 July 1921 - Greeks resume attacks and capture Eskişehir.
5 August 1921 - Mustafa Kemal is given full powers as Commander-in-Chief by the National Assembly.
23 August - 13 September 1921 - At the battle of Sakarya, Turks check Greek advances close to Ankara.
26 August 1921 - Greeks are thrown back at battle of Sakarya.
19 September 1921 - Mustafa Kemal is given title of Gazi (veteran) and the rank of Marshal by the National Assembly.
13 October 1921 - Treaty of Kars between the National Assembly and the 3 Transcaucasian Republics of the Soviet Union.
20 October 1921 - Treaty of Ankara between the National Assembly and France.
26 August - 9 September 1922 - Nationalist forces defeat Greeks in a counter-offensive attack and capture Izmir, which is destroyed by fire. The Turks launch a final offensive attack against Greek forces in Anatolia. The following day a decisive victory is won on 30 August.
3 - 11 October 1922 - Conference at Mudanya agrees on the armistice between the Entente Powers and the National Assembly.
19 October 1922 - Resignation of Lloyd George and his Government.
1 November 1922 - Mustafa Kemal proclaims abolition of Sultanate.
17 November 1922 - Sultan Mehmet VI is expelled from Istanbul by the National Assembly.
20 November 1922 - Opening of the Peace Conference between the Entente Powers and the National Assembly at Lausanne.
14 January 1923 - Death of Mustafa Kemal's mother, Zubeyde Hanim, in Izmir.
29 January 1923 - Mustafa Kemal marries Latife in Izmir.
17 February 1923 - Mustafa Kemal opens the Economic Congress in Izmir. The conference was held in order to emphasize the importance of Turkish economic development, as the country had been shattered by years of war. Early Turkish economic policy was articulated at this congress.
24 July 1923 - Treaty of Lausanne signed in Switzerland by Turkey and the Entente Powers. After the conclusion of the Turkish War of Independence, this treaty recognized the Republic of Turkey as a sovereign nation.
2 October 1923 - Turkish forces occupy Istanbul, forcing the evacuation of the Entente Powers.
9 October 1923 - Ankara becomes the capital of Turkey.
29 October 1923 - The proclamation of the Turkish Republic, with Mustafa Kemal as President.
3 March 1924 - The Caliphate is abolished, the Ottoman dynasty is exiled, Ottoman schools are closed down, and Islam is organized by the state. The Directorate of Religious Affairs (Diyanet İşleri Başkanlığı) is an official state institution established in 1924 under article 136 of the Constitution of Turkey by the Grand National Assembly of Turkey as a successor to the Shaykh al-Islām after the abolition of the Ottoman Caliphate.
8 April 1924 - Abolition of religious courts.
11 February - 12 April 1925 - Revolts in the eastern region of Turkey. Şeyh Said (Sheik Said) organized the rebellion.
4 March 1925 - Law on the maintenance of order (takrir-i sükun kanunu) is issued. An Independence Tribunal (İstiklâl Mahkemesi) was a special court founded during the Turkish War of Independence to prosecute those who were against the system of the government. Eight such courts were established. They were located in Ankara, Eskişehir, Konya, Isparta, Sivas, Kastamonu, Pozantı, and Diyarbakır.
5 August 1925 - Mustafa Kemal divorces Latife.
30 August - 2 September 1925 - Mustafa Kemal tours Kastamonu province, announcing abolition of fez, suppression of religious brotherhoods that are not registered by The Directorate of Religious Affairs (Diyanet İşleri Başkanlığı), and closing of tombs that are not registered by The Directorate of Religious Affairs (Diyanet İşleri Başkanlığı) as places of worship.
17 February 1926 - Adoption of new Civil Law code.
5 June 1926 - Agreement on Mosul. Treaty of Ankara between Turkey, Britain, and Irak.
15 June - 13 July 1926 - Attempted assassination of Mustafa Kemal in Izmir. Trial and execution of the ringleaders that organized the attempted assassination.
15 - 20 October 1927 - Mustafa Kemal makes a historic speech (Nutuk) to the Congress of People's Party (Cumhuriyet Halk Partisi).
1 November 1927 - Mustafa Kemal re-elected the President of the Republic.
3 November 1928 - Introduction of the Latin alphabet.
1 January 1929 - Public schools open to teach the new alphabet.
4 March 1929 - Law on the maintenance of order (takrir-i sükun kanunu) is repealed.
13 May 1929 - New commercial law is adopted.
12 August 1930 - Foundation of Free Party (Serbest Cumhuriyet Fırkası) is established.
17 November 1930 - Dissolution of Free Party (Serbest Cumhuriyet Fırkası).
23 December 1930 - Religious riot at Menemen. Trials and executions occurred.
15 April 1931 - Foundation of the Turkish Historical Society (Türk Tarih Kurumu).
4 May 1931 - Mustafa Kemal re-elected President of the Republic.
12 July 1932 - Foundation of Turkish Linguistic Society (Türk Dil Kurumu).
12 August 1932 - Turkey becomes member of League of Nations.
31 May 1933 - The University of Istanbul is established.
Turkey took in dozens of Jewish scientists who had lost their jobs and feared for their lives.
Turkish President Mustafa Kemal Atatürk visits Istanbul University in July 1933. Around the same time, Turkey’s minister of education arranged for 30 Jewish professors to join the university.
29 October 1933 - Celebration of the 10th Anniversary of the Turkish Republic.
9 January 1934 - First Five-Year Plan for industrial development.
9 February 1934 - The Balkan Pact, or Balkan Entente, was a treaty signed by Greece, Turkey, Romania and Yugoslavia on 9 February 1934 in Athens, aimed at maintaining the geopolitical status quo in the region following World War I
24 November 1934 - Mustafa Kemal adopts the surname "ATATÜRK" which is given to him by the Turkish Parliament.
8 December 1934 - Women were eligible to vote in Parliamentary elections and to become members of Parliament.
1 March 1935 - Ataturk re-elected President of the Republic.
29 May 1936 - Dispute regarding future status of Hatay (Alexandretta) was referred to the League of Nations.
20 July 1936 - Montreux Convention signed, regulating the Turkish Straits, Bosphorus and Dardanelles.
4 September 1936 - Visit of King Edward VIII to Ataturk in Istanbul.
27 January 1937 - Autonomy of Hatay agreed between Turkey, France, and Syria.
9 July 1937 - The Treaty of Saadabad was a nonaggression pact signed by Turkey, Iran, Iraq, and Afghanistan on July 8, 1937 and lasted for five years. The treaty was signed in Tehran's Saadabad Palace and was part of an initiative for greater Middle Eastern-Oriental relations spearheaded by King Mohammed Zahir Shah of Afghanistan.
SÜMERBANK NAZİLLİ TEXTILE FACTORY CAMPUS
The Nazilli Sümerbank Textile Factory Campus is very important in terms of being the first application of the “Social Factory Project” that Atatürk considers. The factory in Atatürk's head is not only a place of production, but also a laboratory with R & D studies, a school with education, and a culture complex with all kinds of art and sports facilities.
Construction started on August 1935. The grand opening was on October, 1937
To learn more about the social factory projects you may download the 2 scientifically researched files below
The case of Sümerbank Nazilli textile factory campus - By Atif Emre Bayindir - December 2019 - A thesis submitted to the graduate school of natural and applied sciences of Middle East technical university
The Culture of Sümerbank within the Context of the Turkish Nation-State Project - Dilek Himam and Burkay Pasin - 2011
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